Allergic Rhinitis/Common Cold

Allergy symptoms appear when body reacts to allergen (substances causing allergic reaction)which you inhaled, touched or ate.

Most common allergens are dust, pollen, feathers, animal dander, mold and food. An Ear Nose and Throat specialist may determine a management plan to make life comfortable.

Symptoms of Allergy

Allergen causes histamine release producing common symptoms such as-

Itchy, burning, watery or bloodshot itchy eye, nasal congestion/stuffy nose, excess sneezing, running nose, post nasal drip, throat irritation/itching,

Patients with AR were 3 times more likely to subsequently develop Asthma. Some of patient with allergy have sinusitis, nasal polyps, deviated nasal septum.

Instructions Following the Canalith Repositioning Procedure

Seasonal Allergy: if symptoms come in particular season and goes as season ends. Spring –allergy to pollen, summer-grass and weed etc.

Perennial Allergy: If allergy symptoms are year around, probably allergy is to indoor allergens such as dust mite, molds, and animal dander.

Non Allergic: symptoms caused by cold air exposure, strong smells, fumes, eating, exercise it is non-allergic rhinitis.

Diagnosis of Allergic Rhinitis

Typical symptoms are diagnostic of allergic rhinitis.

  • Ear Nose Throat specialist can check for deviated nasal symptoms, polyps and inferior turbinate hypertrophy.
  • Skin allergy tests and a RAST blood test may be advised.


Treatment of Allergic Rhinitis

Allergic Rhinitis is generally managed by

01
Avoidance measures
02
appropriate antiallergic medication
03
immunotherapy in selected cases
Laboratory Tests

Avoidance measures

Increase immunity:

  • Balanced Nutrition especially Vitamin C, zinc, selenium and magnesium.
  • Exercise regularly
  • Keep good hygienic measures by proper hand washing
  • Proper rest and sleep
  • Avoid emotional stress
  • Limit outdoor activity
  • Avoid exposure to allergen-environmental control
  • Keep windows/door closed
  • Use air conditioners instead of fan
  • Keep your home/ work area uncluttered as dust and molds gets collected over piles of papers and books. Dust regularly using a damp cloth.
  • Reduce moisture below 40 by use of dehumidifier.
  • Clean humidifier regularly.
  • Quit smoking and passive smoking
  • Avoid pets in house, or at least bedroom
  • Remove carpet from bedroom
  • Put pillows, bedsheets and mattress in sealed plastic covers
Use of Medication
Immunotherapy

Common Cold

  • Common cold is caused by a veriety of viruses. Most common symptoms are nasal stuffiness, sneezing and watery runny nose.

  • Throat irritation may be present.

  • Cold is usually recovered in about 7 days with sometimes a lingering cough for a week. If cold lasts for longer it may be allergic rhinitis orsinusitis.

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