Thyroid Nodule Diagnosis and Treatment

What is Thyroid Gland?

The thyroid gland is one of the endocrine gland located It is located in the lower part of front of the neck.

The gland is shaped like a butterfly wrapped around the windpipe just above the color bone. The two wings or lobes on either side of the windpipe are joined together the isthmus over the front of the windpipe

Thyroid gland makes hormones to regulate physiological functions of body like metabolism.

What is a Thyroid Goiter?

A goiter is enlarged Thyroid Gland.

Multiple conditions can cause goiter including iodine deficiency, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroid tumor, Hoshimotos thyroiditis, Graves’s disease.

Treatment of Thyroid Goiter will also depend on condition causing thyroid goiter, which may be simple observation, medicine or surgery.

What is Thyroid Nodule?

“Thyroid nodule” means any abnormal solid or fluid-filled lumps in the thyroid gland.

Most of the thyroid nodules aren’t serious and don’t cause symptoms. Only small percentage of thyroid nodule can be thyroid cancer. Most of the time thyroid nodules are discovered during routine examination or routine ultrasonography. Once discovered evaluation aim to know whether surgery is required for thyroid nodule?
Types and Causes of Thyroid Nodule
Cause of most thyroid nodules is unknown. In certain cases, insufficient iodine in the diet can cause the thyroid to develop nodules, but this is no longer common.

  • If the nodule produces excess thyroid hormone causing overactive gland called hyperthyroidism.

  • Nodule produces less thyroid hormone causing underactive gland called Hyroidism

Nodules may be single or multiple. Cancerous or non cancer (90%)

  • A thyroid gland that contains multiple nodules is called multinodular goiter.

  • If the nodule is filled with fluid or blood, it is called a thyroid cyst.

The most common types of single thyroid nodules are noncancerous colloid nodules or follicular adenomas.

Cancerous nodules include papillary, follicular, medullary, or poorly differentiated (anaplastic) cells.
What are the Symptoms of Thyroid Nodule?
How are Thyroid Nodules Diagnosed?
How Thyroid Nodules are Treated?

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Dr. Nitish Jhawar

M.S., FMAS, FIAGES, FALS, FACRSI
Fellow Advance Laparoscopic Surgery
Fellow Colorectal Surgery USA
Senior Laparoscopic & Colorectal Surgeon
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