Diarrhea/ Constipation


Constipation can be a variety of anatomical or functional problem, serious causes of constipation should be ruled out, like cancer (especially if patient is older than 50 years). Diet and life style changes and bio feedback may be helpful in treatment of constipation.

What is Constipation? When to Visit a Doctor?
Constipation is a symptom meanings need to strain to have a bowel movement, infrequent bowel movements or decrease in the volume or weight of stool.

About 80 percent of people suffer from constipation at some time during their lives and brief periods of constipation are normal. If the change in bowel habit is persistent (more than 3 weeks) or if there are any warning signs (blood in stool, loss of weight or loss of appetite) a person should visit a doctor.

What Causes Constipation?

Anatomic Causes

  • Cancer

  • Stricture

Functional Causes

  • Irritable bowel syndrome

  • Slow transit constipation

  • Pelvic outlet dysfunction

Medical Causes

  • Medication

  • Disorders of nervous system

    • Parkinson’s disease

    • Stroke

    • Spinal cord injuries

  • Disorders of endocrine system

    • Thyroid disease

What Factors Contribute to Constipation?
  • Changes in habits or lifestyle, such as travel, pregnancy, and old age

  • Abuse of laxatives

  • Inadequate fiber and fluid intake

  • Sedentary lifestyle

  • Environmental changes

  • Repeatedly ignoring the urge to have a bowel movement

Constipation as a Side Effect of Certain Medication
How Can the Cause of Constipation Be Determined?
How is Constipation Treated?
What Can Be Complications of Constipation?
Obstructed Defecation Syndrome (ODS)
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