Symptoms of Ear Nose and Throat Infection


July 27, 2015

Ear Nose Throat 0

Pouring Rains brings relief to hot temperatures of Mumbai but along with it mumbaikars see increase in Ear, Nose and Throat infections and thus results in increase number of patients visiting to ENT Specialists.

Ear Infection

The middle ear, the eardrum, or the ear canal can be affected by an infection. Symptoms of ear infection may be followed by respiratory infections like cold, flu and so on.

Symptoms of Ear Infection in Adults

  • Ear becomes painful
  • Loss of hearing
  • Ringing sound in the ear
  • Fullness in the ear
  • Discharge from the ear
  • Vertigo
  • Vomiting and nausea

If you notice discharge coming out of your ear, then it is usually caused by infection called otitis externa or swimmer’s ear. If your ear is paining and you experience hearing loss, then you most probably have middle ear infection or Otitis Media.

Symptoms of Ear Infection in Children

  • Painful ear, particularly while lying down
  • Pulling or tugging sensation in the ear
  • Difficulty in falling asleep
  • Increased irritability or crying
  • Loss of balance
  • Fever
  • Discharge from ear
  • Loss of appetite
  • eadache
  • Difficulty in responding or in hearing sounds

When to See a Doctor

For children it is important to get an accurate diagnosis as soon as possible, and therefore symptoms should not be ignored for more than a day. Adults should also consult a doctor when they have pain or discharge from their ears.

Nose Infection

The nose is mainly affected by sinus infection and rhinitis. It is easy to confuse the two, as the symptoms could be similar. A sinus infection affects the sinuses, which are air-filled cavities located behind eyebrows and forehead, on either side of the nose’s bridge, behind the nose, and in the bony parts of the cheeks. Rhinitis on the other hand is caused by allergies or cold, and it affects only the nasal passages.

Symptoms of Sinusitis

  • Nasal congestion or stuffiness
  • Nasal discharge, usually discolored or light green in color
  • Tenderness at the bridge of nose, under the eyes, or overall in the face
  • Postnasal drip
  • Painful teeth
  • Bad breath
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Coughing
  • Frontal headaches

Symptoms of Rhinitis

  • Sneezing
  • Runny nose
  • Congestion or blockage in nasal passage
  • Itchy skin, mouth, or eyes
  • Feeling of tiredness

Sinus infections and rhinitis can become chronic and therefore it is important to treat these infections as soon as possible. Sinusitis can even be life threatening if the sinus cavity close to the brain has been affected.

Throat Infection

Throat infection or sore throat is usually the first symptom of onset of a cold. However, a throat infection resulting from a cold will go away in a couple of days, and other symptoms of the cold like congestion and runny nose will persist. Strep throat on the other hand is more severe and persistent throat infection, which is caused by streptococcus bacteria. Secondly, a sore throat can be caused due to viruses as well. Most viral sore throats are accompanied by cold symptoms that include cough, runny nose, sneezing, and watery eyes.

Usual Symptoms of Throat Infection

  • Inflammation and redness at the back of the throat
  • Pain while swallowing
  • Swollen red tonsils
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Pain in the neck or ears

When throat infection is due to flu or cold virus, there will be additional symptoms like fever, cough, runny nose, aching limbs and muscles, fatigue, and headaches.

Symptoms of Bacterial Throat Infection

If the person is suffering from the following symptoms, it is more likely the infection is caused by the bacteria, streptococcus pyogenes –

  • Running a temperature of 38.5 degrees C or higher
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • Pus or white spots on the tonsils
  • Absence of cough

Symptoms helps in diagnosing a Ear, Nose and Throat infection and usually not much investigations are required in the initial stages.

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