Fatty Liver

Fatty Liver

What Causes Fatty Liver?

Causes of Alcoholic fatty Liver Disease:

Fatty Liver is usually caused by excess alcohol consumption. Factors influencing chances of alcoholic fatty liver:

  • Genetics factors

  • Hepatitis C

  • Iron overload-wilsons disease

  • Obesity

  • Diet

Causes of Nonalcoholic fatty Liver Diseases:

  • Medicines such as corticosteroids, methotraxate,

  • Viral hepatitis

  • Rapid weight loss

  • Malnutrition

  • High cholesterol

  • Autoimmunity

What are the Symptoms of Fatty Liver Disease?

  • Fatigue

  • Weight Loss

  • Weakness

  • Nausea

  • Pain right upper abdomen

  • Enlarged Liver

  • If cirrhosis develops symptoms may be

  • Fluid retention

  • Muscle wasting

  • Bleeding internally

  • Jaundice

How Fatty Liver is Diagnosed?

Physician may notice enlarged liver during routine check up

Blood tests: during routine blood test enzymes may found to be increased.

Ultrasonography abdomen: It may be incidental finding on abdomen sonography

Liver biopsy: to confirm fatty liver diagnosis is confirmed by liver biopsy.

How Fatty Liver Disease is Treated?

No specific treatment is available for fatty liver disease. Underlying diseases such as diabetes & hyperlipedemia should be treated.

Diet and life style changes for fatty liver are most important:

  • Stop alcohol

  • Reduce weight gradually; avoid refined carbohydrates such as bread, rice, corn, potatoes

  • Eat balanced diet

  • Increase physical activity

  • Avoid excess sugary drinks

  • Avoid unnesassary medications

  • Antioxidents, omega 3 fatty acids and probiotics

In severe cirrohosus liver transplant may be needed.

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